The Birds of Gluepot



Malleefowl

Scarlet-chested Parrots at the Homestead dams, April 2002, by Olivier Fontaine

Masked Owl, central Gluepot, May 2000



NATIONALLY THREATENED BIRD SPECIES ON GLUEPOT RESERVE

(E = endangered, V = vulnerable, NT = near threatened, LC = least concern)

Common name

Species and subspecies

SA Cons. Status

 

 

 

Emu

Dromaius novaehollandiae

LC

Malleefowl

Leipoa ocellata

V

Major Mitchell's Cockatoo

Cacatua leadbeateri leadbeateri

NT

Regent Parrot

Polytelis anthopeplus monarchoides

E

Scarlet-chested Parrot

Neophema splendida

LC

Masked Owl

Tyto novaehollandiae (vagrant on Gluepot)

NT

White-browed Treecreeper

Climacteris affinis superciliosa

NT

Striated Grasswren

Amytornis striatus striatus

NT

Shy Heathwren

Hylacola cautus cautus

LC

Redthroat

Pyrrholaemus brunneus

LC

Southern Whiteface

Aphelocephala leucopis leucopis

LC

Black-eared Miner

Manorina melanotis

E

Painted Honeyeater

Grantiella picta (vagrant on Gluepot)

NT

Hooded Robin

Melanodryas cucullata cucullata

NT

Southern Scrub-robin

Drymodes brunneopygia

LC

Chestnut Quail-thrush

Cinclosoma castanotus castanotus

NT

Crested Bellbird

Oreoica gutturalis gutturalis

NT

Red-lored Whistler

Pachycephala rufogularis

NT



Click here to download the Gluepot birdlist...............................Click here to download the Gluepot birdlist


One of the jewels of Gluepot is the endangered Black-eared Miner Manorina melanotis . Black-eared Miners were once considered common within their mallee habitat. By the early 1990s, there were few records in Victoria and NSW, and in SA the species was considered nearly extinct. However, following sightings of hybrid miners in the Bookmark - Gluepot area, surveys conducted in 1996 resulted in over 80 sightings of miners. Over 200 colonies are now known from this area. Although many contain hybrids, over a third of colonies contain mainly phenotypically pure Black- eared Miners.
The Black-eared Miner resembles its close relative the Yellow-throated Miner Manorina flavigula. A comprehensive Identification Sheet has been developed by Rohan Clarke and the Black-eared Miner Recovery Team.
Download the identification sheet.

A major factor in the decline of the Black-eared Miner is the loss and modification of suitable habitat. Black-eared Miners were rapidly eliminated from remaining suitable vegetation due to a combination of competition, introgressive hybridisation and/or reduced population viability. Fire has further reduced the Black-eared Miners prefered unburnt mallee vegetation.

A Black-eared Miner Recovery Team is working hard towards conserving this species and reducing the threats against its survival. Their efforts focus on:
  • developing fire management plans
  • managing risk against fire through maintenance of captive populations of Black-eared Miners;
  • translocation of colonies directly from the wild into areas of suitable habitat in Victoria;
  • Removing individual Yellow-throated Miners from Black-eared Miner colonies;
  • Removing Yellow-throated Miner colonies from within and near core Black-eared Miner habitat; and
  • Closing artificial watering points (dams) that may encourage / support Yellow-throated Miners within core Black-eared Miner habitat (and replacement of dams with enclosed tanks where necessary for fire fighting purposes).


  • A map with three publicly accessible Black-eared Miner colonies is available at the Visitor Information & Registration Centre to ensure that visitors do not miss out on this species.


    Bird species


    Confirmed species
    Unconfirmed species


    This list has been compiled from the records of numerous observers. A committee at Gluepot considers each species record and decides on its acceptance based on the observer's written descriptions, photographs, experience, number of observers, etc.  The species listed under "unconfirmed" have been deliberately placed in this category by the committee pending further sightings.

    Many of the waterbirds were attracted to the dams on Gluepot. These dams have since been closed with only the three home dams (Quinn's) being kept open to supply the headquarters with amenity and fire-fighting water.  Dam closures were done for two reasons: firstly to restore more natural conditions and secondly to reduce populations of vermin and other unwanted species which were dependant on watering points.  The Black-eared miners were particularly susceptible to the unnatural presence of water because the Yellow throated miners which cross-breed with the Black-eared populations require water, whereas the Black-ears do not.  Dam closure has helped to create an "ecological " buffer for the Black-ears.
    Recently, however, a series of seasonal wetlands have been identified.  These are centred on the dam locations which had been sited in natural water collection points in the landscape, and extend in a linear fashion for up to a kilometre in length, often within Black oak woodlands.  Water retention in some is up to one metre for four to five months and aquatic plants such as Nardoo are present.  It is possible that some waterbirds naturally used this resource and after the last dam closure in 2002 it will be possible to test this idea with further observations.

    A link has been provided to enable a simple bird list to be downloaded for printing. Copies of the bird list are also available at the Visitor Centre at Gluepot Reserve for a nominal donation.

    Download bird list a current list of Gluepot birds with ROAU number attached for use in bird atlas sheets and unusual sightings

    National conservation ratings are as listed under the Federal Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.
    South Australian conservation ratings are as listed under the South Australian National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972,  Schedules 7 (endangered species), 8 (vulnerable species) and 9 (rare species).
    NSW conservation ratings are as listed in the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 - Schedules 1 (Endangered species) and 2 (Threatened species)
    Victorian conservation ratings are as given in Victorian Department of Natural Resources and Environment (2000).Threatened Vertebrate Fauna in Victoria - 2000: a systematic list of vertebrate fauna considered extinct, at risk of extinction or in major decline in Victoria, Department of Natural Resources and Environment, East Melbourne.

    The Gluepot birdlist is being continually added to and this page will be periodically updated to reflect new records.
    Updated: 
    Last update: September 2002

    The Gluepot status codes are:
    C= common
    U = uncommon
    R = rare
    V = vagrant
    S = seasonal
    These codes are subjective and will gradually be complimented with data such as the number of sightings or frequency of records.

     

    Confirmed species

    Common name

     

    Scientific name

     

    RAOU #

     

    Conservation status

     

    Gluepot habitat notes

     

    Emu Dromaius novaehollandiae 1 C breeding
    Malleefowl Leipoa ocellata 7 Vulnerable  in Australia
    Vulnerable in South Australia
    Endangered in Victoria
    Endangered in NSW
    U breeding
    Stubble Quail Coturnix pectoralis 9 U
    Musk Duck Biziura lobata 217 Rare in South Australia
    Vulnerable in Victoria
    V
    Black Swan Cygnus atratus 203 V
    Australian Shelduck Tadorna tadornoides 207 V
    Australian Wood Duck Chenonetta jubata 202 U
    Pacific Black Duck Anas superciliosa 208 U
    Australian Shoveler Anas rhynchotis 212 Rare in South Australia
    Vulnerable in Victoria
    V
    Grey Teal Anas gracilis 211 U
    Chestnut Teal Anas castanea 210 V
    Pink-eared Duck Malacorhynchus membranaceus 213 R
    Hardhead Aythya australis 215 Vulnerable in Victoria R
    Freckled Duck Stictonetta naevosa 214 Vulnerable in South Australia
    Endangered in Victoria
    Threatened in NSW
    V single sighting on old gluepot dam
    Australasian Grebe Tachybaptus novaehollandiae 61 C breeding
    Hoary-headed Grebe Poliocephalus poliocephalus 62 C breeding
    Kerguelen Petrel Lugensa brevirostris 935 1 found dead
    Darter Anhinga melanogaster 101 V
    Little Pied Cormorant Phalacrocorax melanoleucos 100 U
    Pied Cormorant Phalacrocorax varius 99 U
    Little Black Cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris 97 U
    Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 96 U
    Australian Pelican Pelecanus conspicillatus 016 V
    White-faced Heron Egretta novaehollandiae 188 U
    White-necked Heron Ardea pacifica 189 U
    Great Egret Ardea alba 187 Endangered  in Victoria V
    Nankeen Night Heron Nycticorax caledonicus 192 Vulnerable in Victoria V
    Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus 195 Rare in South Australia
    Endangered  in Victoria
    V
    Straw-necked Ibis Threskionis  spinicollis 180 V
    Yellow-billed Spoonbill Platalea flavipes 182 V
    Black-shouldered Kite Elanus axillaris 232 R
    Black Kite Milvus migrans 229 U
    Whistling Kite Haliastur sphenurus 228 U
    Spotted Harrier Circus assimilis 218 R
    Swamp Harrier Circus approximans 219 R
    Brown Goshawk Accipiter fasciatus 221 U
    Collared Sparrowhawk Accipiter cirrhocephalus 222 C
    Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax 224 C
    Little Eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides 225 U
    Brown Falcon Falco berigora 239 C
    Australian Hobby Falco longipennis 235 C
    Black Falcon Falco subniger 238 Endangered in Victoria  R
    Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 237 Rare in South Australia U
    Nankeen Kestrel Falco cenchroides 240 C
    Black-tailed Native-hen Gallinula ventralis 55 U
    Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 59 R
    Little Button Quail Turnix velox 18 R
    Red-chested Button-quail Turnix pyrrhothorax 19 Rare in South Australia
    Vulnerable in Victoria
    V
    Painted Button-quail Turnix varia 14 Vulnerable in South Australia V
    Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 891 SV
    Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata 163 SV
    Banded Stilt Cladorhynchus leucocephalus 147 V
    Red-necked Avocet Recurvirostra novaehollandiae 148 V
    Black-fronted Dotterel Elseyornis melanops 144 U
    Red-kneed Dotterel Erythrogonys cinctus 132 R
    Banded Lapwing Vanellus tricolor 135 V
    Masked Lapwing Vanellus miles 133 V
    Australian Pratincole Stiltia isabella 173 V
    Caspian Tern Sterna caspia 111 Vulnerable in Victoria V
    Common Bronzewing Ocyphaps lophotes 34 C
    Crested Pigeon Ocyphaps lophotes 43 C
    Peaceful Dove Geopelia striata 30 V
    Galah Cacatua roseicapilla 273 C
    Little Corella Cacatua sanguinea 271 V
    Major Mitchell's Cockatoo Cacatua leadbeateri 270 Vulnerable in South Australia
    Threatened in NSW
    Vulnerable in Victoria
    C
    Cockatiel Nymphicus hollandicus 274 R
    Musk Lorikeet Glossopsitta concinna 258 R
    Purple-crowned Lorikeet Glossopsitta porphyrocephala 259 C
    Regent Parrot Polytelis anthopeplus 278 Vulnerable in Australia
    Vulnerable in South Australia
    Vulnerable in Victoria
    Endangered in NSW
    C
    Australian Ringneck Barnardius zonarius 291 C
    Blue Bonnet Northiella haematogaster 297 Vulnerable in South Australia R
    Mulga Parrot Psephotus varius 296 C
    Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus 310 SR
    Blue-winged Parrot Neophema chrysostoma 306 Vulnerable in South Australia V
    Elegant Parrot Neophema elegans 307 V
    Scarlet-chested Parrot Neophema splendida 303 Rare in South Australia
    Threatened in NSW
    SR
    Pallid Cuckoo Cuculus pallidus 337 U
    Fan-tailed Cuckoo Cacomantis flabelliformis 338 U
    Black-eared Cuckoo Chrysococcyx osculans 341 C
    Horsfield's Bronze-cuckoo Chrysococcyx basalis 342 C
    Southern Boobook Ninox novaeseelandiae 242 U
    Masked Owl Tyto novaehollandiae 250 Endangered in South Australia
    Endangered in Victoria
    Threatened in NSW
    V
    Tawny Frogmouth Podargus strigoides 313 U
    Australian Owlet-nightjar Aegotheles cristatus 317 C
    Spotted Nightjar Eurostopodus argus 331 C
    White-throated Needletail Apus pacificus 334 R
    Laughing Kookaburra Dacelo novaeguineae 322 V
    Red-backed Kingfisher Todiramphus pyrrhopygia 325 Vulnerable in Victoria R
    Sacred Kingfisher Todiramphus sanctus 326 V
    Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus 329 SC
    White-browed Treecreeper Climacteris affinis 561 Rare in South Australia
    Vulnerable in Victoria
    C
    Brown Treecreeper Climacteris picumnus 555 C
    Splendid Fairy-wren Malurus splendens 532 C
    Variegated Fairy-wren Malurus lamberti 536 C
    White-winged Fairy-wren Malurus leucopterus 535 R
    Striated Grasswren Amytornis striatus 513 Rare in South Australia
    Threatened in NSW
    Near Threatened in Victoria
    C breeding.  in Triodia only. 
    Spotted Pardalote Pardalotus punctatus 565 C
    Striated Pardalote Pardalotus striatus 976 C
    Shy Heathwren Hylacola cauta 499 C
    Redthroat Pyrrholaemus brunneus 497 Rare in South Australia
    Threatened in NSW
    V
    Weebill Smicrornis brevirostris 465 C
    Inland Thornbill Acanthiza apicalis 476 U
    Chestnut-rumped Thornbill Acanthiza uropygialis 481 C
    Yellow-rumped Thornbill Acanthiza chrysorrhoa 486 U
    Southern Whiteface Aphelocephala leucopsis 465 C
    Banded Whiteface Aphelocephala nigricincta 469 V
    Red Wattlebird Anthochaera carunculata 638 C
    Spiny-cheeked Honeyeater Acanthagenys rufogularis 640 C
    Striped Honeyeater Plectorhyncha lanceolata 585 Rare in South Australia C
    Little Friarbird Philemon citrogularis 646 Rare in South Australia V
    Blue-faced Honeyeater Entomyzon cyanotis 641 Rare in South Australia V
    Yellow-throated Miner Manorina flavigula 635 U
    Black-eared Miner Manorina melanotis 967 Endangered in Australia
    Endangered in South Australia
    Critically endangered in Victoria
    Endangered in NSW
    C breeding
    Singing Honeyeater Lichenostomus virescens 608 C
    White-eared Honeyeater Lichenostomus leucotis 617 C
    Purple-gaped Honeyeater Lichenostomus leucotis 620 Threatened in NSW R
    Yellow-plumed Honeyeater Lichenostomus ornatus 622 C
    Grey-fronted Honeyeater Lichenostomus plumulus 623 Endangered in Victoria R
    White-plumed Honeyeater Lichenostomus penicillatus 625 V
    Brown-headed Honeyeater Melithreptus brevirostris 583 C
    Painted Honeyeater Grantiella picta 598 Threatened in NSW
    Vulnerable in Victoria
    V
    White-fronted Honeyeater Phylidonyris albifrons 594 C
    Tawny-crowned Honeyeater Phylidonyris melanops 593 V
    Eastern Spinebill Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris 591 C
    Black Honeyeater Certhionyx niger 589 R
    Pied Honeyeater Certhionyx variegatus 602 Threatened in NSW R
    Crimson Chat Ephthianura tricolor 449 R
    Orange Chat Ephthianura aurifrons 450 R
    White-fronted Chat Ephthianura albifrons 448 U
    Jacky Winter Microeca fascinans 377 C
    Red-capped Robin Petroica goodenovii 381 C
    Hooded Robin Melanodryas cucullata 385 Threatened in NSW C
    Southern Scrub-robin Drymodes brunneopygia 441 Threatened in NSW C breeding
    White-browed Babbler Pomatostomus superciliosus 445 C
    Chestnut-crowned Babbler Pomatostomus ruficeps 446 C
    Chestnut Quail-thrush Cinclosoma castanotus 437 Rare in South Australia
    Threatened in NSW
    C breeding
    Varied Sittella Daphoenositta chrysoptera 549 C
    Crested Bellbird Oreoica gutturalis 419 C
    Red-lored Whistler Pachycephala rufogularis 402 Vulnerable in Australia
    Vulnerable in South Australia
    Vulnerable in Victoria
    Endangered in NSW
    R
    Gilbert's Whistler Pachycephala inornata 403 Threatened in NSW C
    Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis 398 U
    Rufous Whistler Pachycephala rufiventris 401 C
    Grey Shrike-thrush Colluricincla harmonica 408 C
    Restless Flycatcher Myiagra inquieta 369 C
    Magpie-Lark Grallina cyanoleuca 415 U
    Grey Fantail Rhipidura fuliginosa 361 C
    Willie Wagtail Rhipidura leucophrys 364 C
    Black-Faced Cuckoo-shrike Coracina novaehollandiae 424 C
    White-bellied Cuckoo-shrike Coracina papuensis 425 Rare in South Australia V
    Ground Cuckoo-shrike Coracina maxima 423 Endangered in Victoria S
    White-winged Triller Lalage sueurii 430 R
    Olive-backed Oriole Oriolus sagittatus 671 Rare in South Australia V
    White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus 543 U
    Masked Woodswallow Artamus personatus 544 C
    White-browed Woodswallow Artamus superciliosus 545 C
    Black-faced Woodswallow Artamus cinereus 546 U
    Dusky Woodswallow Artamus cyanopterus 547 C
    Grey Butcherbird Cracticus torquatus 702 C
    Pied Butcherbird Cracticus nigrogularis 700 V
    Australian Magpie Gymnorhina tibicen 705 C
    Grey Currawong Strepera versicolor 697 C
    Australian Raven Corvus coronoides 930 C
    Little Crow Corvus bennetti 691 C
    White-winged Chough Corcorax melanorhamphos 693 C
    Apostlebird Struthidea cinerea 675 Vulnerable in Victoria C
    Singing Bushlark Mirafra javanica 648 R
    Richard's Pipit Anthus novaeseelandiae 647 C
    Zebra Finch Taeniopygia guttata 653 V
    Red-browed Finch Neochmia temporalis 662 V
    Diamond Firetail Stagonopleura guttata 652 Vulnerable in South Australia
    Threatened in NSW
    V
    Mistletoebird Dicaeum hirundinaceum 564 U
    Welcome Swallow Hirundo neoxena 357 C
    Tree Martin Hirundo nigricans 359 C
    Fairy Martin Hirundo ariel 360 C
    Little Grassbird Megalurus gramineus 522 V
    Rufous Songlark Cinclorhamphus mathewsi 509 R
    Brown Songlark Cinclorhamphus cruralis 508 R
    Silvereye Zosterops lateralis 574 SR
    Common Blackbird Turdus merula 991 V
    Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris 999 R
    Feral  Pigeon Columba livia 957 V with racing leg band


    To top of page

    Unconfirmed species

    Common name

     

    Scientific name

     

    RAOU #

    Conservation status

     

    Gluepot habitat notes

     

    Barking Owl Ninox connivens 246 Rare in South Australia
    Endangered in Victoria
    Threatened in NSW
    heard only
    Superb Fairy Wren Malurus cyaneus 529
    Western Gerygone Gerygone fusca 463 Rare in South Australia
    Buff-rumped Thornbill Acanthiza reguloides 484
    Slender-billed Thornbill Acanthiza iredalei 482 Vulnerable in South Australia
    Near Threatened in Victoria
    Yellow Thornbill Acanthiza nana 471
    Black-chinned Honeyeater Melithreptus gularis 580 Vulnerable in South Australia
    Threatened in NSW


    To top of page
    Home